PANCHGAVYA: A Magic Potion

Physio-chemical properties of Panchagavya revealed that they possess almost all the major nutrients, micro-nutrients, and growth hormones required for plant growth.

How about growing crops, fruits, vegetables in most sustainable and healthy way.

How about our public gardens without chemical sprays and fertilizers!

One potion as manure, as growth promoter and a way to avoid toxins.

Panchagavya is an organic product that has the potential to play the role of promoting plant growth and providing immunity in plant system.

Panchagavya as the name implies, consists of five products of cow- cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd and ghee.  Additional ingredients are jaggery and banana.

When suitably prepared and used in recommended doses, have miraculous effects on plants, humans and animals alike.

Physio-chemical properties of Panchagavya revealed that they possess almost all the major nutrients, micro-nutrients, and growth hormones required for plant growth.


  • Cow dung – 7 kg   
  • Cow ghee – 1 kg
  • Cow milk – 3 liters
  • Cow curd – 2 liters
  • Cow Urine – 10 liters
  • Water – 10 liters


  • Jaggery – 1 kg
  • Ripened banana – 12 number


Mix cow dung and ghee thoroughly. Keep it aside 3 days. Stir in the morning and evening, in one direction (either clockwise or anticlockwise).

After 3 days add cow urine, cow milk, curd, water.

Add jaggery and well ripened banana to the mixture.

Keep it for 15 days with regular stirring in the morning and the evening.

Stirring should be in one direction, either clockwise or anticlockwise.

Panchagavya can be used after 19th Day.

The prepared concoction can be kept for 6 months for ready use.

Care should be taken not to mix buffalo products in Panchgavya. The products of native breeds of cow are said to have greater potency than exotic breeds.


  • For preparation, wide mouthed mud pot, concrete tank or plastic drum can be used
  • The container should be kept under shade, covered lightly with cardboard/ jute bag/ wire mesh /plastic mosquito net to prevent houseflies from laying eggs and the formation of maggots in the solution
  • The container should not be airtight
  • The content is to be stirred twice a day in the morning and evening, in one direction.

Recommended Dose

General use for all the crops/ plants in every 15 days.

Direct spray at 3 %, i.e., 3 litre panchagavya in 100 litres of water

If given through soil 10% or 10 lt panchagavya in 100 litres of water

If being mixed with irrigation water, then 50 litres Panchgavya per hectare.

If given through drip irrigation, Panchgavya solution should be filtered as it might block the drip line holes.

Observed Effects of Panchagavya in plants

  • Plant growth is visibly faster
  • Plants exhibit better flowering and fruits
  • Upon Panchagavya usage, plants produce bigger leaves and develop denser canopy
  • The trunk produces denser branching
  • The roots are profuse and dense
  • Quantity of fruits increase as panchgavya does not harm bees, birds and other friendly pollinators
  • As plants become strong, they gain better immunity to pests and diseases.
  • Panchgavya not only enhances the shelf life of vegetables, fruits, and grains, but also improves their taste
  • Panchgavya can be used as biofertilizer as it improves soil fertility

Panchgavya should be used in gardens, in agriculture fields, on fruit plants, at homes, everywhere as it enables us to avoid toxic chemicals. Toxic chemicals are the reason for increasing diseases, decreasing immunity, deteriorating human health, and worsening environmental health. Pesticides, herbicides, growth promoter chemicals once enter the food chain do not degrade but go to the next trophic level and get concentrated at each trophic level (biomagnification process). These chemicals are responsible for increasing cancer in humans.

Panchgavya can help in avoiding poisonous chemicals in food and in our environment.


Cost of preparation of 30 Lt of concentrate solution comes to Rs 1200-1350 or 40-45 Rs per litre.

This 30 litre solution can be used up to 10 times if used for direct spray or up to 3 times, if given through soil.

On one hand this cost is much lesser as compared to any other chemical supplement and on the other it has no toxics and thus beneficial to humans, birds, bees, insects, and all pollinators.


Areas where humans come in close contact with plants like, homes, gardens, agricultural fields, Panchgavya should replace chemicals.

The miraculous effects of Panchgavya do offer us peace of health and mind.

Growth of forest plants in 8 months, with Panchgavya.


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Picture of Neha Singh

Neha Singh

She conceptualized FORREST to conserve, to Inspire and to connect people back to nature. Her interest lies in Habitat ecology. A poet by nature with a touch of the wild.

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